As adults, most of us are sexually active from a certain age. But as we meet new and interesting people and take it to the next level, we sometimes don’t play it safe and this could cause us to contract a few sexually transmitted diseases. They could range in severity and many infections could be actually caused by unprotected sex. Here are a few commonly transmitted STDs that you can identify and be aware of.
The Herpes virus is transmitted when you have unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex. Some people show no symptoms which is lucky for them, and some show only mild symptoms. People who have Herpes could have outbreaks of lesions that could form around their genitals, rectum or mouth. They look like blisters and can become painful ores as they break open. The fluid within the blisters contains the virus and is very contagious and can spread on contact. Once contracted, the Herpes virus remains within your body causing outbreaks time and again but reducing in severity.
This spreads when an individual comes in contact with an infected person’s genitalia or mouth. There are hardly any symptoms that reveal a person has gonorrhea. Signs of the disease are painful urination from male and female genitals and can cause white, yellow or green discharge. Males’ testicles may develop pain and women can suffer from vaginal bleeding. A person suffering from gonorrhea is advised to seek treatment as this can affect them adversely causing complications in pregnancy and infertility in men.
This bacterial infection spreads through sexual contact with the penis, vagina, anus or mouth of a person who has Chlamydia. Even if you have been treated for this disease, you can contract the disease again. Without proper treatment, people can suffer serious complications causing infertility by causing pelvic inflammatory disease in women and men. This disease can be passed on to an unborn child.
Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV):
this is the most commonly sexually transmitted disease as there are at least 40 different types of HPV. Most people who are sexually active get some form of HPV at least once in their life. It affects the genitals, mouth and throat of an infected person. There are no symptoms unless the individual develops other health problems. It is not harmful and can go away after 2 years. However, some forms of HPV are serious as they cause genital warts and cervical cancer.
This infection passes from person to person through sexual intercourse and doesn’t have any symptoms. Women develop the infection inside the vagina or urethra and men develop it inside the penis. It doesn’t spread to other parts of the body but infected people experience burning or itching while urinating. Discharge is another sign you have the disease and can be rid of by antibiotics.
This bacterial infection causes sores to develop on the genitals, lips and even in the mouth. This sexually transmitted disease can be passed on to an unborn baby and takes around 90 days for any symptoms to appear. This infection can last for years depending on the treatment you get and how quickly you receive it. First you get sores and then a rash develops which shows up on your hands and feet. If it is not treated, it can cause brain damage, paralysis, blindness, dementia and even fatality.
This is the virus that causes AIDS. It attacks the immune system and there is no known cure. It spreads through transmission of bodily fluids such as blood and semen through unprotected sex, infected needles, and while breastfeeding or pregnancy. The HIV virus destroys white blood cells which are required to combat infections. People suffering from HIV develop other serious diseases and complications due to their low immunity.
There are many STDs that show symptoms and many don’t. This could have a serious impact on your life. This is one reason why testing for STDs and having protected sex is very important.