In ancient times, diabetes in young adults was very rare. The only diseases that were common were the usual colds and flu, STIs, and malaria. In short, there were diseases that were categorized as only affecting the elderly or the young. Sadly, it is the time the young people know the truth: most diseases are now affecting anyone regardless of age. One such disease is type 2 diabetes.
Here is what you should know about type 2 diabetes in young adults:
- International health organizations state that unlike in the past when type 2 diabetes was likely to affect your parent or grandparent, today, you are also a potential victim. Worse still, diabetes will affect children as young as five years of age! Shocked? Read on to find out who is at risk of diabetes and why.
- In the past ten years, the rate of diabetes increased by 33 percent. The rate of young adults diagnosed with the same has been rapidly growing. Recent findings show that obesity is the leading causal factor of diabetes in young adults. This is because it leads to insulin resistance as well as a relative b-cell failure.
- Apart from obesity, genetic factors also play a role in the development of this type of diabetes. Similar studies show that children and youth who develop this disease have at least one family member that had or has type 2 diabetes. The relative might be a parent or first or second-hand relatives such as aunts, uncles, and grandparents.
- One early sign of this disorder in young people is Acanthosis nigricans. This is a condition whereby there is hyper-pigmentation and thickening of the neck area. This is caused by insulin resistance. The sign occurs mostly in youth.
- Since the occurrence of type 2 diabetes in youth is new, a little insight into the existing treatment options exists. However, nutrition counseling and physical activity play key roles in restoring the glycemic (blood sugar) levels in the blood. There are medicinal treatments available too, such as insulin injection and oral Glucophage prescriptions. Physicians also start early interventions to prevent the emergence of cardiovascular disorders that are common in type 2 diabetes patients.
The information above only highlights the main facts about diabetes in young adults. If, in any case, you have extra information, questions, or concerns about the topic, feel free to post it in the comments section below.